What is Laparoscopic Surgery? Types and Procedure – Dr. Samrat Jankar 

Many people fear surgeries because the incisions made to perform the surgery are significant, and they fear scarring. There is also the fear of blood loss. Laparoscopic surgery is an excellent option for this. It uses smaller incisions, and the scarring is less.

In this article, Dr. Samrat Jankar, one of the best laparoscopic surgeons in Pune, talks about laparoscopic surgery.

What is Laparoscopic Surgery?

Laparoscopy is a medical procedure that allows a surgeon to see within the belly and pelvis without making significant incisions in the skin.

Laparoscopic surgery is also known as minimally invasive surgery or keyhole surgery. In this surgery, large incisions are avoided because the surgeons use a laparoscope device. A laparoscope is a small tube with a light source and a high-resolution camera to get the images of your inside organs.

Dr. Samrat Jankar is one of the best laparoscopic surgeons in Pune. He specializes in advanced laparoscopic surgery and has 8+ years of experience.

When is it used?

Laparoscopy diagnoses many conditions that develop inside the abdomen or pelvis. It can also be used to remove damaged or diseased organs or to remove a tissue sample for further testing.

According to Dr. Jankar, it is commonly used in:

  • Gynecology: For the study and treatment of the issues affecting female reproductive organs.     

  • Gastroenterology: For the study and treatment of issues affecting your digestive system.
  • Urology: For the study and treatment of conditions affecting the urinary system.


A few of the laparoscopic surgeries conducted by Dr. Jankar are as follows:

  • Upper GI surgery: Upper gastrointestinal (GI) surgery addresses disorders of the small bowel, gallbladder, liver, pancreas, or oesophagus. The oesophagus (food pipe), duodenum (initial section of the small intestine), and stomach comprise the upper gastrointestinal (GI).
  • Bariatric Surgery:  Bariatric surgery is more commonly known as weight loss surgery. It refers to a series of weight loss procedures that a person with obesity can have. It is used to reduce your food intake, resulting in weight loss. 
  • Laparoscopic inguinal hernia repair: Two to four tiny incisions are created in the abdominal wall through which the laparoscope and surgical equipment are passed.
  • Laparoscopic Ventral hernia repair: Certain ventral hernias are inappropriate for laparoscopic surgery, and the consequences are more severe than open repair. Laparoscopic ventral hernia repair is performed less frequently than available repair.
  • HPB Surgery: Hepato-pancreato-biliary (HPB) surgery is the comprehensive surgical treatment of illnesses involving the liver, pancreas, gallbladder, and bile ducts.
  • Colorectal surgery: Colon and rectal procedures are often performed to treat colon and rectal malignancies, inflammatory bowel disease, or diverticulitis, although they may also be required following an accident or wound, acute infection, or intestinal obstruction. The colon and rectum form the large intestine. 



Laparoscopy involves the surgeon making an incision below your belly button and inserting a tiny tube called a cannula. The cannula is used to inject carbon dioxide gas into your abdomen. This gas improves your doctor’s ability to observe your abdominal organs.

The surgeon puts the laparoscope through the incision once your abdomen has been expanded. The photos from the camera linked to the laparoscope are shown on a screen, allowing you to see your organs in real-time.

The number and number of incisions are determined by the illnesses that your surgeon aims to confirm or rule out. One to four incisions are generally made between 1 and 2 mm in length. Other tools can be put through these incisions.

Your surgeon then performs whatever surgery that needs to be done.


  • Smaller scars
  • Less blood loss
  • Wounds heal faster
  • Faster recovery time
  • Less pain
  • Reduces the risk of bleeding.


  • Fever
  • Abdominal pain
  • Swelling, Bleeding, Nausea
  • Vomiting

Some other non-general hazards include:

  • Inflammation of the abdominal wall
  • Problems or allergies caused by anesthesia
  • Blood clot

When is laparoscopic surgery not recommended?

Following are some conditions when laparoscopic surgery is not recommended:

  • Prior surgery in the same area of surgery increases the chance of scarring and adhesions, which may obstruct access to and sight of the laparoscopic instruments.
  • Excessive body mass in surgery: This can make it challenging to view via a laparoscope.
  • Extensive infection or bleeding: This critical scenario needs quick open access to be managed.
  • Cardiopulmonary conditions: These enhance the likelihood of negative responses to carbon dioxide.

Is laparoscopic surgery safe?

The question often asked is laparoscopic surgery safe for me? The answer is yes! Laparoscopic surgery is as safe as open surgery. In laparoscopic surgery, the wounds are minor, reducing the risk of infection, blood loss, and other complications like wound separation.

Cost of laparoscopic surgery in India

The average cost of Laparoscopic surgery in India is around Rs. 33,000 to Rs.66,000.


Laparoscopic surgery equipment and procedures are improving, allowing increasingly complex surgeries to be performed safely through keyhole incisions. Scarring and recovery time can be reduced with laparoscopic surgery. It also minimizes the possibility of blood loss.

You can visit Dr. Samrat Jankar, one of the best laparoscopic surgeons in Pune, to dicuss more about your laparoscopic surgery.

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