A Mobile Application Automation Testing framework is an execution environment for performing automated tests. It is defined as collecting assumptions, concepts, and practices that make up a work platform or support for automated testing. It is a method of developing application software by testing it for usability, functionality, and consistency.
The primary concept behind developing a testing framework is to create a format for expressing expectation, a mechanism to drive testing application, test execution, and reporting.
Types of Mobile Testing Framework
A solid mobile application testing framework enables you to construct test cases on top of it. This, however, remains distinct from the operating system. There are two kinds of mobile application automation frameworks. Android Testing Framework and iOS Testing Framework
Android Testing Framework
Android is the world’s most popular operating system. Simultaneously, Android is fragmented. There are numerous devices and Android versions with which your app must be compatible. As a result, Android testing is critical to avoid application failures.
The Android testing framework is one of the standard testing frameworks for Android applications. It is a robust and user-friendly testing framework that is tightly connected with the Android SDK tools. Because Android is fragmented, testing on a wide range of devices is required. However, this will cost you money. Android testing automation can help you save money.
Some of the advantages of Automated Android Testing includes reduction in the time involved and reduction in the software maintenance cost due to early bug detection. It also increases the efficiency of the development process and ensures that the program is of high quality.
There are several android testing frameworks available. The top five are UI Automator, Robotium, Appium, Selendroid, and Calabash.
UI Automator is a Google advanced testing framework that offers enhanced UI testing via its execution engine and Java libraries.
Robotium is an open-source framework for developing test scenarios that are similar to Selenium.
Appium is an open-source framework that is also used for testing native and hybrid apps. Within the framework, the Appium library communicates with the Appium server.
Selendroid is a relatively recent framework for testing the functioning of Android-based applications.iOS Testing Framework
Calabash is one of the most basic frameworks for both iOS and Android functional testing.
iOS Testing Framework
IOS developers must use the best iOS testing frameworks to deliver faultless apps, with the mobile market being so competitive. There are numerous iOS testing frameworks accessible, just as there are numerous Android testing frameworks. The top five testing frameworks are Appium, UI Automation, Calabash, Zucchini, and FRANK-BDD.
Appium is an open-source framework that is used to test hybrid and native apps. Within the framework, the Appium library communicates with the Appium server.
UI automation is used for standard functional tests in which programming simulates end-user behavior.
Calabash is an automation framework that may be used for functional testing on both Android and iOS.
Zucchini is a free and open-source framework. It is based on Apple’s UIAutomation. FRANK-BDD assists you in creating acceptance tests for iOS end-to-end testing.
To sum it up
The need for automated functional testing frameworks based on the selection and effective use of the most appropriate open source testing tool has increased due to growing concern about saving time and money on application development and testing. Once you’ve decided on a mobile app testing framework and are ready to run your tests, you’ll need to make a few decisions. The first relates to the platforms on which you will conduct your tests, whether it will be physical or virtual devices like simulators and emulators. Or will you employ a combination of the two? Another thing to think about when it comes to testing execution is whether to run them on the cloud or on-premises. In general, on-premise testing is more constrained. Cloud-based solutions provide greater flexibility and other advantages as well.