The IAS Syllabus is very vast. To understand the magnitude of the IAS Syllabus, it is important that aspiring candidates have a clear understanding of the number of papers that are covered in the examination as well as the pattern of the UPSC Civil Service Examination. Once the candidates are able to comprehend the IAS Syllabus, candidates can chalk out IAS preparation plans.
The UPSC Civil Service Examination consists of 3 different stages – Prelims, Mains and Interview. Candidates who are able to clear the Prelims stage can appear for the Mains stage and those who clear the same will be eligible for the interview stage of the UPSC Civil Service examination.
The Prelims stage will have 2 papers – General Studies paper and Civil Services Aptitude (CSAT) paper. The IAS Syllabus in the General Studies paper covers a wide range of subjects such as International Relations, Environment & Ecology, Geography, Indian Economy, Science and Technology, History, Environment & Ecology, and Current Affairs. The IAS Syllabus for Paper II of UPSC Prelims i.e. the CSAT section will cover topics related to English Language Comprehension Skills, Interpersonal Skills Including Communication Skills, General Mental Ability, Logical Reasoning & Analytical Ability, Data Interpretation, Basic Numeracy, Decision Making & Problem Solving.
The IAS Syllabus for the Mains stage of the Civil Service Examination can be understood better when there is more clarity on the pattern of the UPSC Mains examination. Paper A is a compulsory Language paper, candidates can select one of the Languages included in the Eighth Schedule of the Constitution. Paper B is the English Language paper. There is an optional subject which will have two papers, and the General Studies will have four different papers. There are 48 different optional subjects, candidates can opt for any one of them.
The broad focus areas of IAS Syllabus for the General Studies Paper – I are Modern History, Art & Culture, India after Independence & Political Philosophies, World History, Society of India, and Geography. For more details on the structure and syllabus for General Studies Paper – I, candidates can visit the given link.
The IAS Syllabus for the General Studies Paper – II are Indian Constitution, Constitutional and Non-Constitutional bodies, Amendments in Indian Constitution, Features of Indian Constitution, and various provisions. This broadly covers the Polity section. The Governance section covers accountability, Governance, Transparency, E-Governance, Government policies and interventions. For more details on General Studies Paper – II syllabus and structure, candidates can visit the given link.
The IAS Syllabus for the General Studies Paper – III broadly covers subjects related to Disaster Management, Security, Biodiversity, Science & Technology, and Economics. The Science and Technology section covers Space technology, Defense Technology, Artificial Intelligence etc. Security related subject covers Money-Laundering, Extremism, Terrorism etc. Economic development in India. For more details on General Studies Paper – III syllabus and structure, candidates can visit the given link.
The IAS Syllabus for the General Studies Paper – IV broadly covers subjects related to ethics, Integrity, and Aptitude. Ethics will cover topics related to Role of family, Society and Educational Institutions in inculcating Moral and Ethical values, Essence of Ethics, Determinants and Consequences of Ethics in Human Interaction, Ethics in Private and Public Relationships, Human Values, Dimensions of Ethics etc. For more information on the General Studies Paper – IV syllabus and structure, candidates can visit the given link.
As one can notice the vastness of the IAS syllabus, it is important that IAS Preparation requires many months or years of hard work. It is important to note that candidates must start preparing for the mains examination right from the beginning of IAS Preparation. This strategy must be adopted. If the aspiring candidate starts preparing just for the Prelims examination and manages to clear it, then there will be very little time left for IAS Mains examination and it would not be possible to have adequate preparation for the Mains examination in that time period. While IAS Preparation is in progress, it is important that aspiring candidates refer to some of the important sources of information such as The Hindu newspaper, Yojana Magazine, Kurukshetra Magazine, and the Science Reporter Magazine.